Bases and Acids, two categories of chemicals
In this article, we are going to give brief an explanation of the Bases and Acids to dear readers.
There are millions of chemicals in the world. Some are acidic and others are bases. Acids are substances that release hydrogen ion (H +) in combination with water. Bases are substances that release in combination with water hydroxide ion (OH-).
Acids are tart materials that are corrosive and also change the color of the detectors and also neutralize the Alkaline environments.
Bases or alkaline materials are gassy or bitterly stuffy, they are irritating and distort the detectors and neutralize the acids, Alkaline such as sodium hydroxide, also known as caustic soda.
Application of Acids and Bases (Alkali)
Acids have long been used in many industries, including the oldest acids used in the industry, sulfuric acid (H2SO4), nitric acid (HNO3) and hydrochloric acid (HCl).
Acid PH is 0 to 6 and as much as PH is lower, the acid is stronger.
Note that you should never use the first two acids in the home because they are very dangerous and they can damage the skin.
Bases or the Alkaline material
The Bases include a combination of oxygen and hydrogen atoms called hydroxyl (OH).
When an alkaline substance dissolves in water, ions release hydroxyl (OH-) with negative charge. When the alkaline environment is neutralized, these ions will receive or “accept” positive-proton substances.
Alkaline PH is between 8 and 14, and the higher the number, the material is very strong Base.
Bases substance that reacts with other proton substances by taking and combining with them. The Bases are proton receptors. The most important Bases are sodium hydroxide (“alkali”, NaOH), ammonium hydroxide (“ammonia”, NH4OH), and calcium hydroxide (“dead lime”, Ca (OH) 2).
Please note that acids and alkalis should not be used or tested without notice and information at home.
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